There's a book called "A Bridge Too Far" (also a movie) describing the World War II operation whereby airborne troops would capture each of several bridges in Holland and hold them 'for a couple of days' while reinforcements pushed through German-held areas in between to link up all the bridges as quickly as possible. By capturing all of the bridges intact, the Allies could do an 'end around' into Germany, and this might shorten the war by several months.
Arnhem / Oosterbeek was the bridge too far. The British 1st Airborne Division, joined by the Polish 1st Parachutists Brigade were tasked with capturing and holding the Arnhem bridge across the Rhine river. Unable to do that, they tried to hold a location at Oosterbeek that might be used to cross the Rhine. They fought on for 8 days instead of the expected 2 days. Their light weapons against tanks. Lack of food, ammunition, and medical supplies (most of the air-dropped supplies landed in German-controlled territory). Eventually they were forced to withdraw, and the operation ended with Arnhem still in German hands, the 'end around' no longer viable.
The book tells the facts, explaining the heroism and sacrifice. You should read it if you're visiting Holland. But to understand the appreciation felt by the Dutch people for these young men, you should visit this cemetery. The markers are literally enveloped within flower gardens. Most markers have a name, unit, the soldier's age, and a short epitath.
On your way to Sgt. West, Glider Pilot Regiment, Age 23, you will see others, such as ...
Flight Lieutenant Lord, Royal Air Force, Age 30. "Greater love than this no man hath, that a man lay down his life for his friends."
Z J Zjawin, Polish Forces, Age 22 (no epitath)
A Soldier of the War. Known Unto God.
Private Woodrow, The South Staffordshire Regiment, Age 29. "Oh heavenly star, shine on this grave, of one we loved, but could not save."
It's a small cemetery in size, but I think most people who walk out are different from when they walked in.
Some Corner Of A Foreign Field That Is For Ever England
Sergeant E. L. West's grave marker
Why It's Interesting
Poignant doesn't quite capture this marker / cemetery for British and Polish paratroopers who fought to capture a Rhine River crossing at Arnhem during World War II. Arnhem’s was the last of a series of bridges that, if they could be captured together, would liberate Holland and open a corridor into Germany. The paratroopers fought heroically, but futilely. Their relief never arrived. This cemetery is beautifully cared for, testifying to the gratitude by The Netherlands for those who tried.